Part 1 - The Branches of the US Military
1. Which military branch was established first?Army Marines Air Force Navy Coast Guard
2. Can you put them in order historically, first to last?
3. What is the newest branch that was founded by President Trump?
And the answers . . .
1. The Army was first to be created.
2. The Historical Order for our Military Branches
June 14, 1775 The Army’s established.
October 13, 1775 The Navy’s created
November 10, 1775 The Marine Corp are formed
August 4, 1790 The Coast Guard’s established.
September 18, 1947 The Air Force is created.
*** Bonus Question ***
Why did the US form three military branches in 1775?
We were in the run-up to the Declaration of Independence. It came out on July 4th, 1776. The Revolutionary War would soon follow
3. The Air Force Space Command was formed on September 1st, 1982. It became an independent branch, The Space Force on December 20, 2019.
Sources: More Info: en.wikipedia.org
Part 2 – The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
4. Which part of the military guards the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington, Virginia?
Army Navy Air Force Marines
5. Where is the Tomb of the Unknowns?
Washington, DC Arlington, Virginia
6. Which war did the first Unknown Soldier serve in?
The American Revolution The Civil War
Custer’s Last Stand World War I
And the answers . . .
4. The US Army guards the tomb. It was first guarded by the 3rd Calvary from Fort Myer, Virginia. The 3rd Infantry Regiment took over April 6, 1948,
Many soldiers volunteer for this service, but only 20% are accepted for training. Then only a small fraction of those will actually become guards.
The sentry in the photo is ‘walking the mat.’
- He marches south for 21 steps.
- Then he faces east for 21 seconds.
- He faces north, switches his weapon arm, and waits 21 seconds.
- Next he marches north 21 steps.
- He faces east again for 21 seconds.
- Then he faces south, switches his weapon arm, and waits 21 seconds.
The sentry will repeat this march until the guard is changed, and he’s relieved of service.
Why all the 21’s? It’s our highest military honor – a 21-gun salute.
The weapon arm is always on the shoulder nearest visitors. It protects and honors the Unknown Soldier. Source: More Info: en.wikipedia.org.
5. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is in Arlington, Virginia. That’s only 6.6 miles from Washington, D.C.
6. The Unknown Soldier served in World War I. Congress approved the memorial on March 4, 1921. Sgt. Edward F. Younger, a highly decorated soldier, was selected to choose the unknown.
He was shown four caskets from a cemetery in France. He picked the third one. It was sent home. The other three caskets are interred, buried in France.
That third casket lay in State in the Capitol Rotunda. It was interred at Arlington National Cemetery on November 11, 1921, where it’s still guarded today.
I thought there was just one unknown soldier, but there are four. The other three are on the west side of the Tomb. They represent the unknown from World War II, Korea, and Vietnam.
The other unknowns are in flush tombs. That means their caskets lie under a slab of white marble.
The Unknowns are guarded 365 days a year. Day and night, in all kinds of weather, men and women watch over them in silence, never knowing their name, but honoring their service. In this photo, with a rose. Source: More Info: en.wikipedia.org.
Part 3 – American Military Cemeteries
7. Which state has a military cemetery that belongs to England?
New York Massachusetts Virginia North Carolina
8. There are enemy combatants buried in Arlington National Cemetery. True or False?
9. How many American military cemeteries are located around the world? 16 20 26 30
And the answers . . .
7. This is the English cemetery, on the island of Ocracoke, in North Carolina. How did it get there? Here’s its story . . .
Back in 1942 German U-boats targeted American ships leaving from the Atlantic coast. They were sailing to Europe with supplies for the Allies. The Germans sank 35 American ships in January alone.
The US asked Great Britain for help. They sent ships to patrol the eastern seaboard. One of them, the Bedfordshire, was sunk by a German U-Boat in May of 1942. Everyone was lost. Four bodies washed ashore on Ocracoke.
The islanders buried them and built the monument in the photo. They also leased the land to Great Britain in perpetuity, forever.
Every May Americans and Brits come together to remember the sacrifice of the crew from the Bedfordshire.
Question Source: BBC | Date Updated: September 3, 2020
8. True, there are enemy combatants at Arlington – three of them. All from World War II. Two were Italian, and one was German.
They were all POW’s – prisoners of wars who were held near Washington, DC. The Geneva Conventions required burials at the closest national cemetery.
There are also about 60 foreign nationals are buried at Arlington. Most of them are our allies whose soldiers died in air accidents with their American comrades.
Source: More Info: www.history.com
9. There are 26 military cemeteries for American servicemen and women around the world. There are also 30 memorials, monuments and markers. Here are 6 of them.
These cemeteries and monuments are found in 17 countries around the world including France, Belgium, the United Kingdom, the Philippines, Panama, Italy, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, Tunisia, the Solomon Islands, South Korea, Papua New Guinea, Gibraltar, New Zealand, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Morocco. There’s even a monument, a tree, in Cuba.
Click on this link and you’ll find an interactive map, plus more information. https://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/cemeteries-memorials-map
When I write, I can only have one voice in my head, mine. A little noise is fine. But too much, or worse yet, WORDS, and I must change rooms or pull out headphones. Then I can write on!